P. N. Miliukov on
By P. N.
Miliukov 1942 (1,2,3)
Edited in red font by Andrei Conovaloff, last updated
The sect of Uklein received the name Molokans
from the Orthodox: "those who drink milk during fasts."
"Milk-eaters" embraced the nickname
by referring to "milk" as in 1
The rapid spread of Molokan beliefs shows that
doctrine was easier for Russian people than the theories
But we have to add that this spreading was achieved by one
and this compromise caused a schism among the Molokans. As
among the first followers of Uklein were many people who
evangelic doctrines in the form of "judaizers"
numerous were judaizers in the Saratov
region were this
had its own leader/preceptor (наставник — nastavnik),
Here Uklein met a strong competitor. In order to attract
him (Dalmatov) on his side,
Uklein had to compromise, which was opposite to the
of his own doctrine. The question was about prohibited
food. "For clean
people, everything is clean," say Spiritual Christians
to Skovoroda.(7) "You
cannot defile what enters your mouth,"
etc. This was one of the arguments of the sectarians
during fasts. But what could one do when judaizers
food prohibited by Moses (Mosaic Law). They could give up
and the unity of the Lord-Father (accept the Trinity
concept), but how
could they allow themselves to eat pork. And Uklein had to
point to Dolmatov.
In Uklein's book of rituals (obriadnik)(7), next
to the spiritual interpretation of the sacraments was
written a veto
eating pork and scale-less fish. Of course, this
protest among the original (core)
Sunday-Molokans (Uklein's Voskresniki
separated from Saturday-Molokans (Dalmatov's
(ritualists)), their Jewish co-religionists.
To the question
food was added a question about forms of prayer and
adherents of evangelism denied the ritual side of faith.
On the other
those weaker in faith and less intelligent cling to that
side (rituals). That's why,
evangelical Christianity, by adopting to
this environment (of compromise),
step by step back to the ritual piety."
- Translated from: Miliukov, P.N., Ocherki
po istorii russkoi kul'tury (Essays of the
history of Russian
Volume 2 of 3. Moscow. Reprinted 1994. Pages
126-127. — Original
published in 1942. Warning, some western Dukh-i-zhiznik
preceptors reject anything, and everything,
published in Russia during Soviet times, including
the above section.
Pavel Nikolayevich, The Columbia
Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07.
Christians who emulated, or copied, Jews. In
several Jewish encyclopedias, "Molokans" and
"Jumpers" can be found
under the heading "Judaizer" or "judaizing
heresy" ("Until the arrival of Christ the
laws of Moses should be
strictly followed ... they condemned images ...
...called in the Russian official documents ...
'Sabbatarians,' ... the
sect of the Molokans derived its origin from the
Evangelical Christians are now scorning and
The original Uklein/Dalmatov schism separated
Molokans into Sunday
Molokans and Saturday Molokans. Today the
schism in America is a debate about the relevance
of ritualistic deeds
(language, costumes, ceremonies) compared to faith
resulting in many having left their Spiritual
Christian heritage faiths while others
have enhanced rituals beyond what they inherited.
For a field
on the Judaic and Sabbatarians in the F.S.U., see
Azerbaijan in June 1997.
- Probably the father of the
martyred leader Matvei Semionovich Dalmatov
(Volkoff, J.W. tr; Shubin D.H. ed. Spirit and Life:
Book of the Sun, 1983, pages 23-24, 37, 54,
62.). Also see: Judaizer
Judica) which states
that "Molokan Sabbath Observers" (Subbotniki)
and split from Molokans due to Uklein
introducing many Jewish
customs, and his disciple Sundukov calling for
with Jews. Miliukov adds Uklein compromised with and
Saratov judaizers to join the Molokans, and this
resulted in Uklein's
Sunday-Molokans later separating from Dalmatov's
- A Russian idiom meaning that
"all Spiritual Christians say this." Examples in
A to Z; the alpha and the omega; from
soup to nuts.
- This is rare evidence that
book of rituals
existed. Miliukov must have examined it in the
- Milyukov concludes that disputes
about "food... forms of prayer and rituals"
caused Spiritual Christians to divide into many
faiths and sub-faiths; and "... those weaker in
faith and less intelligent ..." preferred older
rituals to change.