2010 Календар

Праздники молокан

2010 Calendar

Molokan Holidays

Download the 2010-20020 Spiritual Christian Molokan Holiday Calendar
in English or Russian. (Excerpted from Vest', 2009 Vol. 6, page 4)

Bible links below are to the Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition, which closely corresponds to the Russian Bible used by Molokans.

7 января — Рождество Христово
(От Матфея 1:16-25, От Луки 1:26-55)
January 7 — Birth of Christ
Adaption of the Nativity. (Matthew 1:16-25, Luke 1:26-55). Also celebrated by Pryguny.
19 января — Крещение
(От Матфея 3:13-17, От Луки 3:22, От Иоанна 2:1-11)
January 19 — Epiphany
The revelation of God in human form in the person of Jesus Christ. (Matthew 3:13–17, Luke 3:22, John 2:1–11). Also celebrated by Pryguny.
8 февраля — Масленица неделя
(От Матфея 6:14-21)
February 8 — Butter Week
An adaptation of Cheesefare Week, the only Orthodox week in which eating of dairy products is permitted on every day (even Wednesday and Friday...) (Mathew 6:14-21). Name changed from Reconciliation Week posted in Feb. 23, 2009.
14 февраля — Прощеное воскресенье
February 14 — Forgiveness Sunday
The day on which everyone confesses their sins and asks forgiveness of their neighbor.
4 апреля — Пасха
(От Матфея 27:64, От Матфея 28:6-7, От Марка 16:6, От Луки 24:6, От Луки 24:34)
April 4 — Easter
The resurrection of Jesus from the dead (Matthew 27:64, Matthew 28:6-7, Mark 16:6, Luke 24:6, Luke 24:34). Foods: red eggs, kulich cake bread, and sometimes plain paskha cheese. Molokans and Jumpers typically call the cake bread paskha (instead of kulich) and ignore paskha cheese. Also celebrated by Pryguny and Dukh-i-zhizniki per Old Testament movable holidays.
7 апреля — Благовещение
(От Луки 1:26-38)
April 7 — Annunciation
Revelation to Mary, mother of Jesus, by the angel Gabriel that she would conceive a child to be born the Son of God (Luke 1:26-38).  Also celebrated by Pryguny.
13 мая — Вознесение
(От Марка 16:19, От Луки 24:51, Деяния 1:1-12)
May 13 — Ascension
Jesus' body ascended to heaven in the presence of his apostles, 40 days following his resurrection (Mark 16:19, Luke 24:51, Acts 1:1-12). Also celebrated by Pryguny and Dukh-i-zhizniki per Old Testament movable holidays.
23 мая — Троица
(Деяния 2)
May 23 — Trinity (Pentecost) (50th-day)
In the New Testament, the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus (Acts 2). Also celebrated by Pryguny and Dukh-i-zhizniki per Old Testament movable holidays.
12 июля — Петров день
(От Матфея 16:16-18) (День первоверховных апостолов Петра и Павла)
July 12 — Peter's Day
Adaption of Apostle Peter and Paul Day, the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul (Matthew 16:16-18). Molokane, like Doukhobors, do not venerate saints, yet use this holiday.
2 августа — Ильин день
(3-я Царств 17, 3-я Царств 18) (Святой пророк Илия)
August 2 — Elijah's Day
Adaption of the commemoration of Prophet Elijah, "guardian angel" of the Hebrews. (1 Kings 17, 1 Kings 18)
19 августа — Преображение
(От Матфея 17:1-9, От Марка 9:2-8, От Луки 9:28-36)
August 19 — Transfiguration
Jesus becomes radiant, speaks with Moses and Elijah, and is called "Son" by God; he is transfigured above Moses and Elijah, the two preeminent figures of Judaism. (Matthew 17:1-9, Mark 9:2-8, Luke 9:28-36) Also celebrated by Pryguny.
август - ноябрь — Урожай, жатва
(Исход 23:16)
August - November — Harvest Festival
An ancient Russian holiday, modified during Soviet times, celebrated as a thanksgiving day from late summer to winter depending on congregation. (Exodus. 23:16). Compare with harvest festivals around the world. Observed by some rural Dukh-i-zhizniki in the US.

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A full survey of all congregations has not yet been completed, but in general Spiritual Christian Molokane in the Former Soviet Union today celebrate 10-11 religious holidays — modified from the Orthodox — plus the Harvest Festival:
  • 4 are fixed major holidays: Adaptions of the Birth of Christ, Epiphany, Ascension, Transfiguration.
  • 3 are movable major holidays: Adaptions of Easter, Ascension, and Trinity. Pryguny and Dukh-i-zhiniki use their own Old Testament algorithm to select dates and time.
  • 2 are minor holidays: Adaptions of Peter's Day, Elijah's Day. Not observed by all congregations.
  • 2 are adaptations with day changes: Butter Week, Forgiveness Sunday. Somewhat in dispute.
  • 1 folk-holiday: Adaption of the Harvest Festival, perhaps  from old Slavic. Not observed by all congregations.
Spiritual Christians are still scorned in Russia for ignoring the majority of Orthodox liturgy. Molokane adapted only 6 of the 12 Great Feasts. These holidays are not fully standardized and are celebrated with regional interpretation. Many rural congregations celebrate the Harvest Festival (Urozhai, zhatva : Урожай, жатва), which is not an Orthodox holiday.
In comparison, Doukhobors, who lived near Molokane for centuries had more holidays in Russia, then completely revamped their holiday agenda in the new world. Today the Union of Spiritual Communities of Christ (USCC, Community Doukhobors) retains only 3 of their original 26 holidays — Easter, Peter's Day (updated), and Birth of Christ (Christmas). 

Молокане, прыгуны и дух-и-жизники — вокгуг света
Molokane, Pryguny and Dukh-i-zhiniki Around the World