A report by William Abram Aldacushion, July 2000
This is a report on the background of the Subbotniki compiled from
available research material and personal recollections. My
mother's family was Molokan(1). My father's
great-grandparents were of Molokan origin and who became
Subbotniki while living in the Transcaucasia region of the Russian
Empire during the second half of the 19th century.
There is not a central source of information on the Subbotniki nor
has much been written recently about them. Since the Subbotniki
have essentially died out as an organized religion, I feel it is
important to document what I have found though searching used-book
stores, the Internet and other sources.
This particular report focuses on the Subbotniki of Molokan origin
from the Transcaucasia region that migrated with the Molokans to
Los Angeles in the first decade of the 20th century. I
have also included general background on Judaized Russians
from other backgrounds, time periods and regions in order to place
my ancestors into a greater historical context.
This project continues to be helpful to me in gaining a better
understanding of my ancestral roots. I hope it will also be of
interest to other readers. More importantly, I hope this report
will stimulate others to share information they may have
concerning the Subbotniki so we can continue to expand and
complete their story.
The Molokans are a non-Orthodox Russian Christian
religious sect that embraces many Old Testaments tenets and is
often compared with the Quakers. There is a great deal of
published information on the Molokans including several Internet
sites such as http://www.molokane.org/molokan
© All rights to this report are reserved. No
part of this publication may be reproduced in any manner
whatsoever without express permission of the author.
||Map: "Russia In Europe", c.
Map: "Origins of Subbotniki"
Photo: "The Village of Semenovka", 1895
Photo: "At Jelenovka", 1895
||Photo: "Arrival of Steerage
Passengers at Bremerhaven."
Photo: "Lloyd Waiting Rooms, Bremerhaven."
Photo: "Embarkment of Steerage Passengers."
Photo: "S.S. Frankfurt"
|Chapter 6 —
||Photo: "Los Angeles
Subbotnik trustees present UMCA Board of Directors with
fund remaining after dissolving congregation in 1971." 9
Esai Davitevitch URKOV"
Esai Davitevitch URKOV" (close-up)
Photo: "Photo of original Subbotniki burial area in the
Home of Peace cemetery."
Photo: "Tombstones of Esther Vasilievna (Pivovaroff) and
her husband Joseph
Aldacushion with that of Stephan Ivanovich Moiseiev in the
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